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MMP-3  Protein, Antibody, ELISA Kit, cDNA Clone

Description: Active  
Expression host: E. coli  
10467-HNAE-5
10467-HNAE-20
10467-HNAE-100
5 µg 
20 µg 
100 µg 
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MMP-3 Related Area

MMP-3 Related Pathways

    MMP-3 Related Protein, Antibody, cDNA Gene, and ELISA Kits

    MMP-3 Related Protein, Antibody, cDNA Gene, and ELISA Kits

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    MMP-3 Summary & Protein Information

    MMP-3 Background

    Gene Summary: OMIM - description for MMP-3 (MMP3):
    General information above from NCBI
    Catalytic activity: Preferential cleavage where P1', P2' and P3' are hydrophobic residues.
    Cofactor: Name=Ca(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29108; ; Note=Binds 4 Ca(2+) ions per subunit.;; Name=Zn(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29105; ; Note=Binds 2 Zn(2+) ions per subunit.;
    Domain: The conserved cysteine present in the cysteine-switch motif binds the catalytic zinc ion, thus inhibiting the enzyme. The dissociation of the cysteine from the zinc ion upon the activation-peptide release activates the enzyme.
    Subcellular location: Secreted, extracellular space, extracellular matrix {ECO:0000305}.
    Involvement in disease: DISEASE: Coronary heart disease 6 (CHDS6) [MIM:614466]: A multifactorial disease characterized by an imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the coronary vessels to supply sufficient blood flow. Decreased capacity of the coronary vessels is often associated with thickening and loss of elasticity of the coronary arteries. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:12477941, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8662692}. Note=Disease susceptibility is associated with variations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A polymorphism in the MMP3 promoter region is associated with the risk of coronary heart disease and myocardial infarction, due to lower MMP3 proteolytic activity and higher extracellular matrix deposition in atherosclerotic lesions.
    Sequence similarity: Belongs to the peptidase M10A family. {ECO:0000305}.; Contains 4 hemopexin repeats. {ECO:0000305}.
    General information above from UniProt

    Matrix metallopeptidase 3 (abbreviated as MMP3) is also known as stromelysin 1 and progelatinase. MMP3 is a member of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family whose members are involved in the breakdown of extracellular matrix in normal physiological processes, such as embryonic development, reproduction, tissue remodeling, and disease processes including arthritis and metastasis. As a secreted zinc-dependent endopeptidase, MMP3 exerts its functions mainly in extracellular matrix. This protein is activated by two major endogenous inhibitors: alpha2-macroglobulin and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteases (TIMPs). MMP3 plays a central role in degrading collagen types II, III, IV, IX, and X, proteoglycans, fibronectin, laminin, and elastin. In addition, MMP3 can also active other MMPs such as MMP1, MMP7, and MMP9, rendering MMP3 crucial in connective tissue remodeling. Dysregulatoin of MMPs has been implicated in many diseases including arthritis, chronic ulcers, encephalomyelitis and cancer. Synthetic or natural inhibitors of MMPs result in inhibition of metastasis, while up-regulation of MMPs led to enhanced cancer cell invasion.

    MMP-3 Alternative Name

    MMP-3 Related Studies

  • Sternlicht MD, et al. 1999, The stromal proteinase MMP3/stromelysin-1 promotes mammary carcinogenesis. Cell. 98(2): 137-46.
  • Yoon S, et al. (1999) Genetic analysis of MMP3, MMP9, and PAI-1 in Finnish patients with abdominal aortic or intracranial aneurysms. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 265(2): 563-8.
  • Biondi ML, et al. (2000) MMP1 and MMP3 polymorphisms in promoter regions and cancer. Clin Chem. 46(12): 2023-4.
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